Tuesday, 23 August 2016

President of India's Election, Powers and Salary

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The president of India is the Head of State considered as Bhārat ke Rāshtrapati. The Indian president is also the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces.

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India drafted by the leadership of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar for the Country.The Indian constitution was enacted on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950 making India a republic. After that Governor-General were replaced by President of India. Thus the Rajendra Prasad became the first president of republic India.

Currently the 13th President of India is Pranab Mukherjee who was elected on 25 July 2012. He also held various posts in the cabinet ministry for the Government of India for example Defense Minister, Finance & Foreign Minister and Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission. He is also the first Bengali to be elected as President. Check out list of presidents of India from 1950 to till date.

APJ Abdul Kalam was the former President of India. He is known as Missile Man for his role in India's military missile program. He while delivering a lecture died on July 27, 2015.

The President of India resides in an house known as the Rashtrapati Bhavan located in Raisina Hill in New Delhi. The Rajendra Prasad was the first president who lived in Rashtrapati Bhavan. There is list of Indian presidents from 1950 to till date

How is the president of India elected? 

The president is elected by the elected members of both the house of Parliament that is Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People). After winning elections president take oath in the presence of the Chief Justice of India and in absence Chief Justice of India, by the most senior judge of the Supreme Court. There is list of elected president of India from the independence.

What are the powers of the president?

  1. There is Article 53 in the Constitution of India stats that the powers of president to appoint the Prime Minister of India. The Indian president also appoints the Council of Ministers to aid him and Prime Minister. There is more powers given to president of India by Indian constitution which he/she can use whenever feel need.
  2. The president of India has Executive, Judicial and Legislative powers. The Indian president also empowered with the powers to grant pardons for various punishment.
  3. The president of India has power to make appointment of Governors of States, the Chief Justice, judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts of India, The Comptroller and Auditor General, The Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners, the Attorney General, The Chairman and other Members of the Union Public Service Commission, Vice-Chancellor of the Central University.
  4. The Indian president also empowered with the most important Diplomatic powers. This power make it necessary for prime minister to take approval of President for the any kind of treaties.
  5. The Indian President has Emergency power. There are three types of emergencies that is national, state and financial, under articles 352, 356 & 360.
  6. The President has vested in with Legislative power to help the law making process per the constitution (Article 78 and 86). The President helps both the Houses (the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha) of the Parliament and prorogues them. A bill passed by Parliament of India become a law when it passed or approved by president.
  7. The president of India has power given under Article 143 consult the Supreme Court about the constitutional validity of any issue.

What is the salary of President ?

The Indian president used to get ₹10,000 (US$100) as per the Second Schedule of the Constitution. The first president Rajendra Prasad used to get ₹10,000 salary per month. Currently the president of India are receiving ₹1.5 lakh (US$2,200) as salary. Recently Government of India increased the Salary of President to ₹1.5 lakh. Check out list of vice presidents of India from 1950 to till date.

Thursday, 18 August 2016

Central Police Force Examination

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Central Police Force Examination : The Central Police Force (CPF) is a group of eight police force of India which work for the security of India.The Central Armed Police Force is governed by authority of the central Government of India.

Central Police Force (CPF)

The Police Force which come under Central Armed Police Force (CPF) are Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Railway Protection Force (RPF), National Security Guards (NSG), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) and Special Protection Group (SPG).
Central Police Force (CPF) Examination
The Central Police Force Examination is conducted by the The Union Public Service Commission every year to recruit Assistant Commandants in the Central Police Force.

Important Dates For Central Police Force (CPF) Examination

Date of Notification: 12 March, 2016
Last Date to Apply: 8 April, 2016
Exam Date: 26 June, 2016

Eligibility For Central Police Force (CPF) Examination

Education For CPF : Candidate should have degree in any decipline or its equivalent from a recognised University and other Institutions.

Age Limit For Central Police Force (CPF) Examination

Age Limit For CPF : Candidate must have minimum age between 20 years and maximum age 25 years as on 1st August of the exam year.
Age Relaxation For CPF : Candidates who comes under any categories as mentioned in rules are eligible for age relaxation in CPF.

Physical Standards For Central Police Force (CPF) Examination

Physical Standards For CPF : Candidate should have minimum Physical Standards as given in the CPF notification.
As per rules of Central Police Force, Female candidates could not apply for Border Security Force (BSF) and Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) but now they can also apply for BSF and ITBP.

Pattern For Central Police Force (CPF) Examination

The CPF examination has two paper of objective type question paper.There is negative mark for every wrong question. Both the papers are of 250 marks each.Those candidates who qualify the CPF written examination will be called for Physical and medical standards tests.The candidates who clears the written examination will be eligible for Interview.

Central Police Force Examination

Tuesday, 2 August 2016

Combined Medical Services (CMS) Examination

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The Combined Medical Services (CMS) Examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The UPSC conducts CMS examination for recruitment of Medical Officer in various organizations such as the Indian Ordnance Factories and Indian Railways functioning under the Government of India. The Combined Medical Services is computer based medical examination to recruit Assistant Medical officers in organizations of Indian Government.

Combined Medical Services (CMS) Examination

Important Dates For CMS Exam

Notification Date: 5 March, 2016
Last Date to Apply: 1 April, 2016
CMS Exam Date: 12 June, 2016

Eligibility Criteria For Combined Medical Services” (CMS) Examination

Educational Qualification For CMS Exam : Candidate should have M.B.B.S degree for appearing in Combined Medical Services Examination.
Candidates who are appearing in the final year of MBBS Examination are also eligible to apply for CMS Exam.

Those candidates who qualifies first phase of exam are required to submit a proof of passing MBBS Examination along with marksheets.

If candidate has to complete the internship for MBBS examination then after being selected for CMS then candidate will be appointed only after completion of internship.

Age Limit For Combined Medical Services” (CMS) Examination

Age Limit for CMS Exam : Candidates age should be below 32 year as on 1 January of year of Exam.
Age relaxation for SC/ST/OB and other categories are also available as notified by Govt of India.

Computer Based Test of CMS Exam

The UPSC used to conuducts Combined Medical Services Examination for two objective type till 2013.From 2014 , the UPSC decided to conducts CMS exam via computer based mode.

Pattern For CMS Exam

The Combined Medical Services (CMS) Examination has two paper.The both paper of CMS Exam comprise of two object type question paper of 400 marks. This papers is computer based test. Candidates has to appear for CMS Exam and has to get minimum marks for passing CMS exam to get called for Interview.

Sunday, 19 June 2016

Special Class Railway Apprentice SCRA

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Special Class Railway Apprentice (SCRA) Exam is conducted by the the Union Public Service Commission of India for the selection of candidates for apprenticeship of four year. After the selection candidate are refers to Mechanical Engineering programme at the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Jamalpur for Indian Railway Services.
After the successfully completion of training, SCRA are absorbed as Group A officers in the Indian Railway Service organization of Mechanical Engineering also know as IRSME. After the training of officers at Indian Railway Service organization then they are posted in the junior scale to the senior scale officers.

Special Class Railway Apprentice SCRA 

Indian Railway Services SCRA
Special Class Railway Apprentice (SCRA) Exam is conducted by the the Union Public Service Commission of India. The notice for the SCRA entrance exam , along with form and syllabus, is notified by the UPSC around the months of June–July.

Indian Railway Services SCRA Important Dates

Notification Date: October, 2016
Last Date to Apply: November, 2016
SCRA Exam Date: January, 2017

Indian Railway Services SCRA Eligibility :

Educational : You must have passed or pursuing any degree with mathematics physics and chemistry or its equivalent in first division from recognized university of India and other institute that is approved by the Government of India.

Indian Railway Services SCRA Age Limit :

Age : Your age should be between 17 to 21 year on 1st January of the SCRA Exam. There is age relaxation available for SC/ST candidates.

Indian Railway Services SCRA Exam Pattern :

There is three part in the Railway services exam carrying 600 marks.All three paper consists of objective type question paper.There is negative marking for every wrong answer. The Paper 1 is for selection of candidates for next paper which is of 200 marks.The paper 2 and paper 3 carrying 200 marks each.
Indian Railway Services SCRA Exam

Monday, 13 June 2016

Indian Engineering Services IES Exam

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Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts Engineering Services Examination (ESE) for recruitment to the Indian Engineering Services (IES) including Electrical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering. The Engineering Services Examination (ESE) is conducted for selection of best engineer candidates in organization of India like Central Engineering Service (CES) , Military Engineering Services (MES) and Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE) etc.

About Indian Engineering Services ( IES )

Indian Engineering Services ( IES ) is also the part of civil services of India. Indian Engineering Services is responsible of the managing technical function of the Government of India. We all knows that Government of India recruit its civil servants on the basis of merit list of competitive examinations. There are large number of candidates who gives these competitive exams for getting selected for one of the best civil services.
Indian Engineering Services (IES) officers are selected by the Central Government of India on the recommendations of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) . The competitive exam for IES is a combined entrance exam of 4 stages conducted by the UPSC. The combined entrance exam of IES is also know as Engineering Services Examination (ESE). The Union Public Service Commission conducts Engineering Services Examination every year for recruitment of candidates to the Indian Engineering Services.

Eligibility For Engineering Services Examination (ESE)

The Eligibility criteria for Indian Engineering Services ( IES ) are following :
Nationality : Candidate should be a citizen of India.

Education : Candidates should have a degree in Engineering from a recognized University or its equivalents. Those candidates who are in their final year of engineering degree and equivalent are also eligible for IES or ESE.

Age : Candidates ages should be between 21 to 30 years as on 1st January. Age relaxation for candidates are also available as per the government rules.

Important Dates of Engineering Services  Examination ( ESE )

Date of Notification: 27 February, 2016
Last Date to Apply: 25 March, 2016
Date of Exam: 27 May, 2016

Pattern of Engineering Services Examination ( ESE )

The IES competitive exam consists of two part. The Part 1 paper comprises of only objective type questions and Part 2 paper comprises conventional Papers. The UPSC covers entire syllabus of IES for the competitive ESE exam. Candidates need to clear the written ESE examination for next phase of exam that is personality test conducted by the UPSC .          
Download General Ability Test Syllabus  
Category I: Download Civil Engineering Syllabus
Category II: Download Mechanical Engineering Syllabus

Category III: Download Electrical Engineering Syllabus

Category IV: Download Electronics & Communication Engineering Syllabus